Hades: the Ancient Voldemord

Hades: the Ancient Voldemord

There is not much lore about Hades, the God of Death. There is, of course, the myth about the abduction of Dimitra’s daughter, Persephone but because of the God’s nature which involved eternal darkness people feared to even say his name, let along write about him or worship him.

According to Homer, after Zeus granted him the permission, Hades abducted Persephone by luring her with the most beautiful flower that even the Gods envied, a narcissus. When the beautiful virgin reached to take the flower from the flowery field she was playing in, the ground split in half and from the ground ascended the God of Darkness, on his chariot with his immortal horses. He then kidnapped her and took her to the underworld.

After the intervention of Hermes as a messenger for Zeus, Hades compromised with Dimitra and let Persephone live in the World of the Living for one half of the year (which created spring and summer) and in the Underworld for the other half (autumn and winter).

What is not widely known about the God of Death is that even if he chose his wife so arrogantly, abducting her and making her his and all, he wasn’t really faithful after all (probably walking in his big brother’s steps…).

There was a time when the Lord of darkness wished to make Minthis his mistress. Not a wise decision I’d say, since poor Minthis after giving herself to Hades was found by Persephone and Dimitra and was trampled and killed by them. During her torture, Hades didn’t bother to move from his throne to help her but at least he transformed her into a plant that grew for the very first time in the world, on the mountain Minthis of Trifilias: the well-known mint, which is dedicated to the God of darkness.

It should also be noted that through the ages, Hades was renamed Pluto and this time he was not associated solely with doom, he was now the God of abundance. Everything that grew on the ground existed because what was there before was now dead and flowing into the new life.

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More on Dionysus: Wine as a gift of the God

More on Dionysus: Wine as a gift of the God

“When Dionysus was a guest at Oineias’ palace, the former fell in love with his host’s wife, Althea.  However, when Oineias came to realize this, he decided that he should not mess with the God and so he let them be. From Dionysus love with Althea, Dieanira and Meleagros were born.

God Dionysus, to reward Oineias for his understanding, he taught him how to take care of grape vines and gave their juice the name of the mortal (οίνος).” [1]

big-dionysus

May I just comment on how cool Oineias was? I mean, I’m so glad that there were humans that actually understood how powerful a God can be and just backed the heck off before they committed a crime against an immortal. At least, have one God on your side if you’re planning on making another your enemy, like think of anyone involved with Zeus… even a female cat would be Hera’s victim if she got all honey-dovey with the Father of the Gods. It wouldn’t be Hera’s fault though, as Zeus really couldn’t keep it in his pants but that’s not the point. The point is that in most myths, some naïve mortal won’t accept the fact that by having a God around means trouble. Concluding, once a God sets eyes on you, you got to be his or else death awaits (or in the case of Zeus, both).

[1] Source : Ρίσπεν Ζ., Ελληνική Μυθολογία, Εκδόσεις Τριήρης, Τόμος 3ος, σ.398

The Birth of Dionysus

The Birth of Dionysus

There are actually many versions about the way Dionysus was born but you will allow me to only convey the juicy one. Just like every juicy myth involving Zeus, this too includes his adultery and flirting with mortals as always.

This story begins in Thebes with the daughter of Kadmius and Harmony, Semelis. Her beauty attracted the erotic gaze of the Father of the Gods and she gave herself to him in Kadmius’ palace. However, Hera who was informed of her husband’s adventure swore to annihilate her love rival (like that was a first). Thus, she took the form of a house-helper and convinced the easily persuaded Semelis to ask of her God lover to show her all his power.

Without any suspicion, Zeus’ lover first made him swear that he would succumb to her one and only request and then revealed what it was. Zeus willingly promises to fulfill any wish but once he hears what she wanted, he tries to convince her to let go of this demand. She insists, though, and Zeus has no other choice than to stand by his word.

He appears before her in all his power, on his chariot with all his thunder around him. One of his bolts unintentionally hits her and she dies immediately, while also setting the palace on fire.

Semelis was already pregnant to Dionysus but because her pregnancy was not as long as it should have been, Zeus cut her and from her insides extracted the little God, whom he kept sewed in his thigh to grow.

Source : Ρίσπεν Ζ., Ελληνική Μυθολογία, Εκδόσεις Τριήρης, Τόμος 3ος, σ.396

Theogony: First there was Chaos…

Theogony: First there was Chaos…

According to Hesiod, before anything else, there was Chaos (Χάος). Chaos was a space which included by nature everything that would create the Universe. So Chaos created Darkness (Έρεβος, the underground space that was as deep as the Sky was high) and Night (Νύχτα). Darkness and Night brought forth Air (Αιθέρα) and Day (Ημέρα). Thus, since Chaos created Darkness and Night, he was the main and the first beginning of everything.

After him, there was Earth (Γαία), the most solid base of everything, and Eros (Έρως), the most beautiful of all immortals who rejoiced all mortals and gods. Eros later took the meaning of romantic love and in general, the power of attraction that leads all elements to a union and the creation of new ones. This power is unlimited and most powerful; nobody can escape it.

Earth was the mother of all that exist and she first gave birth to the Sky (Ουρανός) who covered her with his starry cloak and became the never ending temple of the immortals. Earth married her first born and from their union generated the first dynasty of the Gods[1]. Those were the twelve Titans, the males were Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and the younger Cronus. The females were Theia, Phoebe, Rhea, Mnemosyne, Themis and Tethys. The Titans’ siblings were the Cyclopes, the one eyed entities, Brontes (thunderclap), Steropes (lighting) and Arges (bolt), who were full of pride and arrogance.

However, the Sky was aware that one day his sons would take over his throne therefore, he would throw them underground, deep in the earth in Tartarus. Desperate Mother Earth asked help from the rest of her children but only Cronus was brave enough to help her bring Sky down.

Cronus hid armed, waiting for the right moment to attack his father. Sky arrived with Earth, ready to make love to her, so he lays on all her width and length. Right then, Cronus left his hiding spot, immobilized his father and with his right hand cuts of the Sky’s manly part. From the blood that was spilled from this terrible wound, the Erinnyes, the Giants and the Nymphs were later born. Cronus threw the cut-off organ of his father into the sea and she kept it until white foam escaped her insides and that was how a daughter was born, who was no other than Aphrodite.

Cronus was no different than his father, though, as he too knew that he would fall from his throne by one of his sons. However, after he married his sister Rea, instead of throwing his children in Tartarus he preferred to swallow them once they were born. His daughters were Estia, Dimitra and Hera and his sons were Hades, Poseidon and later on Zeus, who was the only one to escape his stomach. That is because, Rea following the advice of their parents, Sky and Earth, saved him by escaping to Crete and giving birth to him there, while she gave Cronus to swallow a rock in a blanket.

Of course, Zeus survived and grew up in Crete were he became big and mighty to later dethrone his father. He then released from inside of him all his swallowed siblings along with the rock that was used as a substitute of himself. That was the third and last dynasty of the Greek Gods, the dynasty of the Olympic Gods.

Source : Ρίσπεν Ζ., Ελληνική Μυθολογία, Εκδόσεις Τριήρης, Τόμος 1ος, σ.11-16

[1] Immortals and Gods committed incest regularly as it was permitted, in contradiction to mortals for whom it was a great sin.